Small Group Discoveries

+ Descend into the tunnels and trenches excavated centuries ago to explore the ancient rock-hewn churches of Lalibela.
+ Experience the remarkable range of Ethiopia’s ethnic traditions, spending six days among the tribes of the Omo Valley including Mursi, Dassanech, Karo and Hamer villages.
+ Mingle with the diverse tribal groups who gather with their livestock at weekly markets to barter, sell and buy.
+ Travel into the Konso Highlands where tribal settlements are ingeniously defended by walls and maze-like alleys.
+ Learn about Lucy at the National Museum where the 3-million-year-old fossil is housed, and hear how this amazing find has shed so much ling on hominids – our earliest human ancestors.
+ Includes 3 UNESCO World Heritage Sites c
  • Day 1 - Welcome to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Upon arrival at the airport, you’ll be warmly greeted and escorted to the Radisson Blu Hotel, ideally located in the city center near the United Nations Conference Center. After time to refresh, join your experienced native-born Trip Leader Samrawit (Sam) for a tour of the city. Situated at an altitude of 8,200 feet above sea level in the Entoto Mountains, the Ethiopian capital is a city with a pleasant year round climate distinguished by its wide avenues and lovely jacaranda trees. Begin your sightseeing atop Mt. Entoto for a sweeping view and introduction to the city. At the National Museum, you’ll see and learn about Lucy, the world-famous hominid fossil that was discovered in southern Ethiopia in 1974. Continue your sightseeing at the Holy Trinity Cathedral, where you’ll admire murals by celebrated Ethiopian artists including Afewerk Tekle, impressive stained-glass windows, and two magnificent Imperial thrones carved of white ebony, ivory and marble. This evening’s welcome dinner features the fine internationally-inspired cuisine and wine of the Kuriftu Diplomat Restaurant.   Meals D
  • Day 2 - Ancient rock-hewn churches of Lalibela c

    After breakfast, you’ll be escorted to the airport for your included flight into the mountains of northern Ethiopia, where the 11 cave churches of Lalibela bear witness to the extraordinary vision of a 12th-century king.  Seeking to create a New Jerusalem after Muslim conquests halted Christian pilgrimages to the Holy Land, King Lalibela excavated these monolithic churches below ground level. Hewn from enormous blocks of solid granite, these churches are connected to one another by an extensive system of trenches and ceremonial passages, some with openings to ancient hermit caves and catacombs. These churches were then further embellished with stone-carved entry ways, windows, columns and other decorative elements including mural paintings. With its five aisles, Biete Medhani Alem is believed to be the largest cave church in the world. Biete Ghiorgis has a remarkable cruciform floor plan distinct from the other rock-hewn churches. Together, these ancient churches have been important sites of worship and pilgrimage for nearly 9 centuries, though some may have served as royal residences soon after their construction. The 11 churches are divided into two main groups, divided by a river, and this afternoon you’ll join Sam for expertly guided exploration of the first group. After dinner, retire to your comfortable accommodations at the Tukul Village Hotel.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 3 - Exploring Lalibela

    After breakfast, you’ll enjoy a guided visit to Yemrehanna Kristos, an Axumite church that predates the nearby cave churches by nearly a century. Named for a 12th century ruler of the once-mighty Axumite Kingdom, this ancient church is built inside a natural cavern in the mountain ridges below Mount Abuna Yosef, one of the country’s tallest peaks. Its construction is quite unusual, built with alternating layers of recessed timber beams and projecting plastered stone. The windows are embellished with carved cruciform lattices and the entire interior is decorated with geometric carvings and paintings.

    After exploring this ancient marvel, experience a slice of modern-day life in the highlands as you join local residents at the bustling market in Lalibela. Your Trip Leader Sam is there to answer questions and offer insight into the traditions and customs you will observe. After lunch, you’ll continue your guided exploration with the second group of Lalibela’s medieval rock-hewn churches.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 4 - Fly to Arba Minch

    After breakfast, you’ll be escorted to the airport for your included flight back to Addis Ababa where you’ll connect with the onward flight into southern Ethiopia. Upon arrival in Arba Minch, you’ll be escorted to the Paradise Lodge, where thatched bungalows and private verandahs offer wonderful views over the forests and lakes of the region.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 5 - Lake Chamo + Chencha

    Surrounded by lush vegetation and wetlands that give way to picturesque rolling hills, Lake Chamo is home to hippos, a remarkable variety of birds and enormous crocodiles that grow to more than 18 feet in length – among the largest ever recorded. This morning after breakfast, you’ll embark on a guided boat expedition across the waters of Lake Chamo to search for these amazing wildlife inhabitants!

    After lunch, you’ll travel into the Guge Hills north of Arba Minch to Chencha, a highland village of the Dorze. This tribal group is especially known for their unique bee-hive shaped homes which they build from local materials including hard wood poles, woven bamboo, ensete leaves (false banana) and other natural materials gathered from the mountains. Towering as high as 20 feet (two stories), these dwellings usually feature just one door with no windows and are built to stand for up to 80 years. Inside you’ll usually find a fireplace, seating area and bedrooms. Smaller structures can include a guesthouse, workshop, kitchen and even a cattle shed. With Samrawit’s insight to guide you, you’ll observe and even experience various facets of their daily life – from the crops they plant and the foods they eat to the colorful cotton textiles they weave. Before heading back to Arba Minch, you’ll have a chance to sample a traditional Dorze staple, a type of flat bread made from ensete and honey.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 6 - Into the Omo Valley

    After breakfast, you’ll check out from the Paradise Lodge for the overland journey to Key Afer. Drawing villagers from across the region, many of them laden with goods to barter and sell and with livestock in tow, weekly markets offer the chance to experience Ethiopia’s diverse tribal traditions in a lively and colorful setting. Your visit to the southern town of Key Afer is timed to coincide with its weekly Thursday market, where you’ll mingle with Bena, Ari and Tsemay villagers for a remarkable look inside the life and culture of these tribal groups. Your Trip Leader Sam will be at your side to deepen your understanding of their local ways. Continue to Jinka in the southern Omo Valley and check in to the Eco-Omo Safari Lodge.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 7 - Ways of the Mursi + Onward to Turmi

    Situated on the eastern banks of the Omo River and bisected by the Mago River, a tributary of the Omo, Mago National Park is a vast area of grasslands and forests inhabited by buffalo, giraffe, elephant, lion and zebra. This remote sector of Africa’s Great Rift Valley is also home to the Mursi, a tribal group well known for adorning themselves with paint, beads and body ornaments made of horn and feather.

    Heading out from your lodge in Jinka, you’ll travel deep into the National Park to spend time with Mursi villagers. The women of the tribe adorn their faces and bodies with white paint and from the age of 15 or 16 also wear pottery or wood discs in their lower lips. Through the years, larger and larger plates are inserted causing the lip to stretch. By tribal custom, the larger the lip plate, the more the women is worth before marriage. Although this practice is an integral part of their cultural heritage and tradition, the plates are worn for only short periods of time as they are heavy and uncomfortable. The men of the Mursi tribe also use white paint on their bodies and faces, and are widely known for their fierce ceremonial dueling with a donga, a long wooden pole. From Mago National Park, you’ll return to Jinka for lunch. Continue overland to Turmi and check in to the Buska Lodge for a 3-night stay deep in the Omo Valley.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 8 - Tribes of the Omo River’s eastern shores

    Today’s guided exploration with Samrawit introduces you to two of the tribal groups that live along the eastern banks of the Omo River. In the morning, you’ll spend time with the Karo, a small tribe with an estimated population of less than 3,000 people. Raising small cattle and practicing flood retreat cultivation of maize, beans and sorghum, the Karo are an agro-pastoralist society widely regarded for their highly-detailed body painting. White chalk paint is the basic material with some use of colored paints derived from natural occurring pigments in local minerals, iron ore and charcoal. Red clay mixed with butter is sometimes used to color the hair. You’ll also see the men of the Karo with scars they have given themselves to represent an enemy or dangerous animal killed.

    In the afternoon, Sam will introduce you to the life and culture of the Hamer Tribe who live in distinctive huts made of wood, straw and mud and who subsist with cattle herding and agriculture. The women of the tribe are known for their colorful dress and elaborate jewelry made from beads and cowrie shells. The men are celebrated for their traditional bull jumping, a rite of passage that is part of an event that can last three days. The man must jump over a line of 10 to 30 bulls several times without falling. If the task is completed, the young man joins the ranks of the Maza, other men who have successfully completed the bull-jumping. Because this is a coming-of-age rite, there’s no assurance that the time of your visit will coincide with the event. Regardless, your time here promises a deep look into some of Ethiopia’s vanishing tribal ways. At the end of the day, you’ll return to the Buska Lodge dinner and another night.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 9 - Omorate + the Omo River’s western bank c

    Head out from your lodge after breakfast and travel overland to Omorate, a riverside town deep in the lower Omo Valley. From here you’ll cross the river to immerse in the lives and customs of the people who have lived for millennia here along the Omo’s western shores.

    Also known as the Galeb, the Dassanech are cattle herders, farmers and fishermen. Unlike southern Ethiopia’s other tribes, the Dassanech are not defined by ethnicity and members come from the many different ethnic groups that inhabit the region. There are eight clans that comprise the Dassanech tribe, each having its own name; these include the Elele, Koro and Inkoria. Each clan is defined by its territory, with the Inkabelo being the wealthiest of the eight clans. As you spend time with Samrawit and the various Dassanech clans, you’ll gain deep insight into their daily lives and some of their unique cultural traditions related to fertility and marriage.  You’ll also visit another settlement of the Hamer Tribe before returning across the Omo River and continuing to your lodge in Turmi.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 10 - Highlands of the Konso Tribe c + Back to Arba Minch

    This morning’s stop in the town of Turmi is timed to coincide with the weekly Monday market, when members of the Hamer Tribe come together from their scattered villages to shop and barter. It’s a wonderful opportunity to go deeper inside the vanishing tribal ways of the Omo Valley.

    Continue northward into the scenic highlands to spend time with the Konso people who live in unusual walled towns and settlements strategically built on hilltop plains and summits. With Samrawit guiding your exploration, you’ll learn about living cultural traditions that stretch back more than 400 years. Konso villages are partitioned into separate communities with each community having a main hut. The entire enclave can be entered only through a limited number of gates and a series of maze-like alleys provide added security. Surrounding these settlements, you will see extensive dry stone terraces that bear witness to the generations of Konso who have struggled to grow their crops of sorghum and grains in an inhospitable region of hard, dry rocky soil. These terraces protect valuable soil from erosion, collect water and create the terraced fields that have allowed the Konso to live here for centuries. Distinctive burial rites in the surrounding forests and anthropomorphic wooden statues are other cultural traditions that you will come to understand and appreciate.

    From the Konso highlands, you’ll continue northward back to Arba Minch where you’ll spend another night at the Paradise Lodge.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 11 - From Arba Minch to Addis Ababa

    After breakfast, we’ll take you to the airport for your included flight back to the capital. Upon arrival, you’ll be escorted once again to the Radisson Blu Hotel where you’ll have the afternoon to refresh and relax. This evening’s congenial farewell dinner at Yod Abyssinia features a variety of traditional Ethiopian dishes. Lively performances of song and dance showcase Ethiopia’s diverse ethnic groups and provide a wonderful conclusion to your exploration of the country and its people. After a traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony, you’ll be escorted back to your hotel.  Meals B+L+D
  • Day 12 - A final day in Addis Ababa

    This morning is yours to enjoy as you wish. If you have last-minute gifts or souvenirs to purchase, the open-air Merkato market offers a great place to shop. In the afternoon, you’ll check out from your hotel and visit the Ethnological Museum. Set in Haile Selassie’s former palace and surrounded by the lovely gardens and fountains of Addis Ababa University, the museum’s vast and well-curated collection of artifacts and handicrafts promises a fascinating overview of Ethiopia’s diverse groups and their distinctive cultural traditions. After sightseeing, we’ll take you to the airport… Bid farewell to your Trip Leader Samrawit and board your homeward flight.  Meals B+L

Similar Trips

Check In!

  • Radisson BLU Hotel - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    The Radisson Blu Hotel, Addis Ababa is located in the city center within walking distance of the United Nations Conference Center (UNCC). The Addis Ababa hotel offers easy access to the city’s major businesses and organizations and is just a 15-minute drive from Bole International Airport. Tour popular nearby attractions like the National Museum and Holy Trinity Cathedral. The Radisson Blu Hotel, Addis Ababa includes 204 rooms and suites with premium amenities like a separate shower and bathtub and a mini-bar. Guests can order daily specials from an a la carte menu at our onsite restaurant Verres en Vers, or drink refreshing cocktails at the hotel’s Signature Bar. Enjoy international specialties at the Super Breakfast Buffet. Pamper yourself at the Rainforest Day Spa after a full day of work or sight-seeing.

  • Tukul Village Hotel - Lalibela, Ethiopia

    Tukul village is a new hotel with attractive views of Lalibela and its surroundings. It is in fact not a hotel but a small village. It is within walking distance of many of the ancient churches - THE attraction of Lalibela - such as the Church of St. George.

  • Paradise Lodge - Arba Minch, Ethiopia

    Paradise Lodge was opened in 2008 as a means to transform the hospitality industry in Africa by providing guests with unparalleled service and an authentic experience while preserving the natural environment and strengthening the local culture.

    With contributions from 56 southern nations of Ethiopia and thousands of delighted guests, the Paradise Lodge has been serving this mission even as they expand their services and provide new experiences to their customers.

  • Eco-Omo Safari Lodge - Jinka, Ethiopia

    The lodge is ecofriendly, based on a low impact concept, constructed using as much as possible natural materials and at the same time creating a good harmony with nature. The rooms are high quality tents placed on wooden platforms, which in turn are covered with a second roof made of grass. Their mottos are reducing, reuse and recycle.

    The Omo valley has been preserved till now thanks to its geographical position. Here are found 18 diverse tribes untouched by modern civilization. The nature, often endemic to this part of Ethiopia, offers magnificent attraction for bird watching and trekking activities.

  • Buska Lodge - Turmi, Ethiopia

    Situated in the heart of Southern Ethiopia in the Omo Valley, Buska Lodge is an unpretentious eco-lodge offering travelers the best accommodation and meal service in this region

    Buska Lodge overlooks the plains of Buska Mountain and has been constructed to blend beautifully in to the natural surroundings.

    Buska Lodge offers the rare opportunity to learn about and experience the culture and traditions of the local Hammer community offering a rare glimpse into the cultures of the Omo Valley. The Hammer are famous for their Evangadi dance and Bull jumping ceremony where a young man who wants to marry jumps over a line of bulls in order to show that he is worth to the bride's family. The Hammer share traditions and rituals with surrounding people like the Tsemai, Ari, Karo, and Bena.

Our Small Group Journey Value

+ Escorted by our experienced English-fluent Ethiopian Trip Leader, Samrawit
+ Comprehensive expertly-guided sightseeing with never more than 16 guests
+ All 33 meals: 11 breakfasts, 11 lunches and 11 dinners
+ 11 nights in our carefully selected hotels and lodges
+ All on-tour transportation including airport transfers and all internal flights
+ Luggage handling, all hotel taxes, and all fees for your internal flights

Trip Pricing

  • Traveling as a single?


  • EVT

    Tour includes a special event.

Arrive Addis Ababa - Per Person Double

Dates   Standard Accommodations
Departure Return   Regular Deal
7/18/2018 7/29/2018 $6099 $5799
9/15/2018 9/26/2018 $6099 $5799
10/19/2018 10/30/2018 $6099 $5799
11/28/2018 12/9/2018 $6099 $5799
1/4/2019 1/15/2019
$6099 $5799
1/29/2019 $6099 $5799
2/13/2019 2/24/2019 $6099 $5799
3/14/2019 3/25/2019 $6099 $5799
4/26/2019 5/7/2019
$6099 $5799
7/17/2019 7/28/2019 $6099 $5799
9/16/2019 9/27/2019
$6099 $5799
Meskel Festival
10/18/2019 10/29/2019 $6099 $5799
11/29/2019 12/10/2019 $6099 $5799

Select all Deals that apply for best available price.

  • Save $600 per couple + $300 solo on all of our Small Group, Small Ship and Private Journeys when you book and pay-in-full.
  • Travel is one life's most rewarding experiences, perhaps even more so when it's shared with those you love! Combine our limited-time pay-in-full discount with our Family & Friends offers and save even more:
    • Save $50 more per person when 3 guests go
    • Save $100 more per person with 4 people
    • Save $150 more per person with 5 people
    • Save $200 more per person with 6 or more people!
    For Groups of 8 or more please call 800.221.2216

Our Private Journey Value

+ Escorted by our experienced English-fluent Ethiopian Trip Leader, Samrawit
+ Comprehensive expertly-guided sightseeing with never more than 16 guests
+ All 33 meals: 11 breakfasts, 11 lunches and 11 dinners
+ 11 nights in our carefully selected hotels and lodges
+ All on-tour transportation including airport transfers and all internal flights
+ Luggage handling, all hotel taxes, and all fees for your internal flights

Trip Pricing

  • Traveling as a single?

Arrive Addis Ababa - Per Person Double

Dates   Standard Accommodations
Departure Return   Regular Deal
1/1/2018 12/31/2018 $7099 $6799
1/1/2019 5/12/2019 $7099 $6799

Select all Deals that apply for best available price.

  • Save $600 per couple + $300 solo on all of our Small Group, Small Ship and Private Journeys when you book and pay-in-full.

Private Tour Add-Ons

  • Selous Game Reserve

    4 Day FreeStyle Safari

    Our 4-day FreeStyle Safari includes your choice of safari camp or lodge, 8 meals, and a complete program of safari excursions and game drives

  • Zanzibar

    3 Day FreeStyle Travel

  • Victoria Falls

    3 Day FreeStyle Travel

    Our 3-day FreeStyle Travel package includes your choice of hotel, daily breakfast, guided sightseeing and roundtrip airport transfers

Trip Reviews

Average Traveler Rating:  Review This Trip »

(12 Traveler Reviews)

  • Carol from CA gives this tour 

    The museums, the churches visited, the various tribes of the Omo valley, seeing the daily life of the people on the streets, in the small towns along the roads that the tour vehicle passed through. Read More »

  • Mei Ku from IL gives this tour 

    Delighted by the history and tribal people in the south. Read More »

  • Roberte from FL gives this tour 

    All the hotels were excellent. The interesting sights, the vehicles used were great. Read More »

  • Joan from VA gives this tour 

    Leader's (Sam) attention to detail and information about destination. This was a wonderful tour. The trip guide was so eager to share her knowledge and enhanced our understanding of all that we saw. The photographer, Scott, was very ready to assist at whatever level of skill and interest we were at and encouraged improvement of skill. The drivers were excellent at driving in difficult conditions but also were happy o share their knowledge and assist in any way. Another word about our guide... Read More »

  • Marcia from AZ gives this tour 

    Fabulous job. Outstanding tour, scott and sam were exceptional. I have worked for over 40 years as a travel agent and found this trip to be truly exceptional. Having taken groups on photo tours before I can say that Scott Davis is exceptional in his instruction, attitude, interest and everything. Sam is one of the best tour guides I have ever worked with. She is organized, helpful in every way. A wealth of information and an exceptional individual. Fabulous trip with exceptional staff. Read More »

  • Patricia from IL gives this tour 

    Loved the traditional tribes, photo ops. Both Sam and Scott Davis were wonderful. I have never received the level of service that Sam provided. She is outstanding. Read More »

  • Sandra from WI gives this tour 

    Delighted by the people interactions. Superb guide, both guide and photography leader extremely personable. Read More »

  • Jack from WI gives this tour 

    Great variety of sights and photo opportunities. Wonderful trip. Read More »

  • David from SC gives this tour 

    The whole trip was delightful! The tribes and stone churches were awesome. Sam is a wonderful guide and Scott is a great photo teacher! Read More »

  • Walt from VA gives this tour 

    Ethiopia and both leaders were great. After travel to over 80 countries and 50 states, this cultural experience in aboriginal Ethiopia with guides Sam and Scott ranks right at the top. Read More »

Ethiopia is truly a gem of Africa with culture and traditions dating back over three millennia.  It is a unique country of Christian faith, a rich and varied history, vibrant celebrations and endless festivals.

Ethiopia History

Ethiopia's past can be traced back to the “Lucy” skeleton, making Ethiopia the cradle of human race.  Despite never having been fully colonized, Ethiopia has changed hands for centuries. Each new kingdom constructed its own capital, leaving behind a staggering number of ancient cities and monuments. The 2nd century Aksumite kingdom, for example, was centered on Axum and ruled for eight centuries and its stone obelisks still stand. The churches of Lalibela were chiseled by hand out of solid rock in the 12th century during the reign of Ethiopia’s mysterious Zagwe dynasty. Gondar, with its well preserved palaces, churches and gardens, was founded in the mid-17th century but was the imperial capital for just 100 years.

After the opening of the Suez Canal, the Italians tried to colonize Ethiopia in the late 19th century. Emperor Menelik united the country and achieved a historic defeat of a European army by an African one. Ethiopia’s reputation as a fiercely independent nation was sealed and Menelik modernized the country with electricity, roads, a great railway and secular leadership.  Italy again invaded Ethiopia in 1936 but with the backing of Britain Ethiopia was liberated from occupation. Motivated by political corruption, the devastating famine of the 1970s and continuing battles with neighbors, a military group known as the Derg emerged. Seizing power, they deposed the Emperor Haile Selassie and declared a socialist state. In 1991 the Derg was in turn defeated by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a united group from across the country that transformed Ethiopia into a relatively modern democracy – safe, peaceful, tolerant, progressive and proudly independent.

Ethiopia Geography

Ethiopia has an elevated central plateau varying in height between 6,500 and 15,000 feet. Many of Ethiopia’s attractions are at high elevations, including Lalibela at over 8,500 feet. The most famous river is the Blue Nile that flows north from its source in Lake Tana on its way to Egypt and the Mediterranean. About three-quarters of the Ethiopian population earns a living as subsistence farmers of livestock, oil seeds, pulses, flowers, vegetables and coffee.

Addis Ababa, the “New Flower” in Amharic, is the fascinating capital of Ethiopia and acclaimed for its culture and cuisine. Among the most important sites include the Holy Trinity Cathedral, the National Museum, the Ethnological Museum, St. George Museum and church and the Merkato market.

Gondar, located north of Lake Tana at the foot of the Simien Mountains, was the capital of Ethiopia under Emperor Fasilides. The city today holds the remains of several royal castles, including the impressive two-storied Fasilides Palace in the Royal Enclosure (Fasil Ghebbi), for which Gondar has been called the “Camelot of Africa.”

Simien Mountains. The Simien massif is a broad plateau featuring an enormous single crag and penetrated by a half-mile-deep gorge popular for hiking adventures. The Simien Mountains National Park is home to wildlife including the Walya ibex, Ethiopian Wolf and Gelada baboon and other species not often encountered outside of the country such as bush buck, Augur buzzard, and Verreaux's eagle.

Axum, the ancient city of Queen Sheba, is famous for its churches, obelisks and monolithic stele. The Axum Tsion Mariam Church is believed to harbor the Biblical Ark of the Covenant, in which lie the Tablets of Law upon which the Ten Commandments are inscribed.

Lalibela is one of Ethiopia's holiest cities, second only to Axum. One of Ethiopia’s nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Lalibela's rock-hewn churches top the must-see list for many visitors and never disappoint. The churches are thought to have been carved from “living rock” during the 12th and 13th centuries and are still in use today.

Harar shows a different face of Ethiopia. It is a walled Islamic city with over 100 mosques, famous qat market, ornately decorated traditional houses and a vibrant mix of local people (Afars and Somalis). For centuries, the city has been a crossroads of trade routes with the rest of Ethiopia, the entire Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. In recognition of its cultural heritage, the old walled city of Harar was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Debre Libanos is home to the 13th-century ruins of the Debre Libanos monastery which is still revered as an important holy site. On the plateau above the nearby great Jemma River Gorge is an intricately constructed bridge left from the Portuguese period that is still in use today. 

Arba Minch in Amharic means “Forty Springs” and this picturesque town is located at the base of the Great Rift Valley. Known for its abundant local springs that support a lush forest, the nearby Nechisar National Park between Lake Abaya and Lake Chamo is known for its rich bird life and other wild animals.

Omo River Valley, home to a remarkable mix of small, contrasting ethnic groups, not only the Ari and Konso, but also the Tsemai, the Derashi, the Mursi, the Bana, and the Hamer.  These indigenous African tribes are some of the most unique people in the world today with their traditional cultures almost intact. What is most striking about them is the kaleidoscope of colors they wear on their bodies in the form of colorful beadworks, animal feathers and even body art.   Elaborate hairstyles along with body painting is a form of personal adornment and is a part of many of these people’s cultural practices for wedding ceremonies and in their daily life.

Ethiopia Climate

The climate varies from cool in the highlands to one of the hottest spots on earth at the Dallol Depression. In the temperate zone (elevations between 4,900 feet and 8,500 feet, where most of the population lives) high temperatures range from 61 to 86°F. Temperature variations in the lowlands (below 4,900 feet) are much greater, with either tropical or arid conditions and high temperatures that can range from 81 to over 122°F.

Ethiopia has two seasons, the wet season and the dry season. Rainfall occurs in most of the country from June to September, with the central plateau experiencing a second but milder rainy season between December and February.  September through January are widely regarded as Ethiopia’s peak tourist season, although the remaining dry season of February to May is also a good time to visit certain parts of Ethiopia. The region as a whole is still characterized by pleasant weather, though light rain can fall during February to April.

Ethiopia Food

Ethiopia, like many African countries, offers a wide range of foods that come in all sorts of colors, smells and tastes. It is no secret that Ethiopian food is drawing food lovers keen on experiencing a new kind of food. Some specialties to try:

Injera – a flatbread made from teff (a unique Ethiopian grain) baked into large crepe-like  pancakes with the taste of sourdough bread.  It is the most famous Ethiopian food because it's not only a source of protein but also a serving platform. Vegetables and Meat dishes are eaten by grabbing some food with injera, rolling it up and eating it up.

Kitfo – a typical Ethiopian dish made from the leanest minced meat which is pan sautéed (not cooked) in butter and served with minced spinach/kale called gomen. This dish is a tradition of the Gurage people from southern Ethiopia.  Barbecue can be added but it is recommended to have it served separately.

Berbere – a very spicy accompaniment for Ethiopian food. It is a dark red blend of sun-dried chilies, ginger, garlic, cardamom, nutmeg, cloves, cumin, coriander and other spices and is quite delicious.

Wot – a very spicy stew made from red onions cooked in berbere which can also be mixed with either kibbeh or butter. Wot can be had as a vegetable dish or blended with meat to turn into a meat stew, and is a wonderful accompaniment to injera. In the highlands they use lamb (bege) while in the arid and semi-arid lowlands and in major towns they use beef (bere) and goat meat (feyel). Most foreign visitors however love the chicken wot.

Doro wot –a chicken-based stew in an intense shade of red due to the berbere spices. The stew can be made from beef or chicken and is served with a whole hard-boiled egg.

Kolo – made with ultra-crunchy roasted barley grains and sometimes peppered with chickpeas. Dusted in a light salty seasoning, this snack packs plenty of fiber and protein into a tasty package.

Tej – a locally made honey-wine that comes with a thick sweetness and an orange lightness to it that is commonly used to end a meal.

Coffee – is indigenous to Ethiopia and it also grows wild in the forests of the southwestern highlands. Ethiopia is recognized as the birthplace of coffee, and the brewing of coffee is the most important social occasion.  It is taken as a sign of respect and friendship to invite someone to a coffee ceremony.

Ethiopia Travel Facts

Ethiopia is 8 hours ahead of US Eastern Standard Time. The Ethiopian currency is the Birr (ETB), and you should exchange cash in Addis Ababa for the remainder of your travel as credit cards are not generally accepted.  Purchases of crafts, souvenirs, bottled water and other beverages as well as for gratuities/tips and photo permits are paid for in cash in either local currency or using small-denomination US bills. 

Electric current is 220V at 50 Hz AC and outlets use two round-pin (European style) plugs. Telephones, fax machines and internet access are available in Addis Ababa, but elsewhere cell phone/internet access is limited, mostly to upscale hotels and lodges.

Bright colored and white clothing are common in Ethiopia, but camouflage clothing (or military-inspired clothing generally) is not recommended. The best colors are khakis, whites and pale pastel blues. You should bring sun hat/headscarf, golf shirts and T-shirts, long sleeved shirts, shorts/capris/longer skirts, long slacks/trousers, lightweight jersey or fleece, facial cloth, and a light rain jacket for rainy periods. 

Save $600 Per Couple
+ $300 Solo

Pay in full at time of booking.

Our Exclusive Festival Departures  

Christmas in Lalibela
Our Jan 4, 2019 departure
Celebrated in January according to the Gregorian calendar… Join traditionally clad pilgrims as they herald Christmas in Lalibela’s ancient churches. It’s an inspiring, once-in-a-lifetime experience!
Orthodox Easter
Our Apr 6, 2018 + Apr 26, 2019 departures
Join in one of Ethiopia’s most important and lively spiritual celebrations! After 56 days of Lent, Ethiopia’s Orthodox Christians celebrate the Paschal Vigil with sacred music and dance followed on Easter Sunday with feasting and tella – a local brew made from honey.
Our Sep 16, 2019 departure
The Meskel celebration in Ethiopia culminates in large bonfires topped with a cross and decorated with meskel flowers. Revellers sing and dance around the fire. It is believed that the direction of the smoke will predict the happenings of the next year.
Timkat – The Epiphany
Our Jan 18, 2019 departure
Experience ancient traditions as Ethiopia’s Orthodox Christians remember Jesus’ baptism in the Jordan River. There will be joyous water-filled reenactments and parades featuring the Tabot, a model of the Ark of the Covenant.

Lalibela: Ethiopia’s
New Jerusalem

Ethiopia is home to one of the oldest Christian communities in the world. Converted by Philip the Evangelist in the 4th century A.D., today two-thirds of the country’s population belongs to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, a branch of... Read More >>

An Ethiopian Bar Mitzvah: The Hamar Bull Jumping Ceremony  

Coming-of-age is no mean feat for the young men of the Hamar tribe in Southern Ethiopia’s Omo Valley. To be considered an adult or "Maza," which literally means, "an accomplished one," young men must run... Read More >>

Celebrate Timkat: Ethiopia’s Epiphany  

Timkat is Ethiopia’s celebration of the Christian holiday of Epiphany, tempered with the country’s unique millennia-old traditions... Read More >>